What is denim? Well, the name actually means “coming from the French town of Nimes”. Likewise, jeans mean “from Genoa”. The characteristic blue-white color of jeans is a result of the indigo thread being woven across the undyed white cotton. Many mens wholesale jeans are still made using this method. The coloration of the denim – both at the beginning and as it is now, washed and bleached – is called the “wash”.
What’s cool about denim is that it’s very durable and the jeans made of raw denim actually should not be washed at all. They will naturally distress and adjust to you over time since the denim is at the beginning slightly stiff until it is worn in. Raw denim will adjust to you over time.
Stonewash is probably the most popular jean wash. As the name implies, it refers to washing jeans with stones in a river, so they’re distressed, broken-in. The manufacturers of mens wholesale jeans now use chemicals to produce the same effect. Sandblasted jeans are similar, feel worn out and soft. However, few companies provide sand-blasted jeans because sand was harming the health of the workers.
Vintage jeans are also distressed. They are supposed to look like they have been worn hard. The jeans are usually distressed first, then some brown or yellow dye is added, often bleach, to make them look like they were worn for years.
Acid wash jeans were very popular when I was growing up – they’re pale jeans where the layer of indigo dye was stripped away, revealing the white color. There’s a unique pattern of chemical left – white splotches that are dispersed across the surface of the jeans.
A pattern of similar traces is called whiskering. It can be done on its own or in combination with any other washes. It is a pattern of usually horizontal marks bleached into the fabric to imitate wear. This is usually done on the upper thigh just below the pockets, and sometimes near the knees.